Unemployment insurance update: important changes for 2024

This year, unemployment insurance will undergo some important changes. Find out how these changes will work for workers!

In today’s dynamic employment scenario, unemployment insurance emerges as an important ally for many Brazilians. In 2024, we are facing significant changes to this benefit, which aim to adapt it to the current needs of workers.

The new table, in force since January 11, 2024, brings important adjustments, ensuring that the value of unemployment insurance is not less than the minimum wage. Let’s dive into unemployment insurance updates, criteria, and benefits so you’re well-informed and prepared.

If you are about to receive unemployment insurance payments this year, see how the new rules could affect you! / Credit: @jeanedeoliveirafotografia / pronatec.pro.br

Updates to the unemployment insurance table

The Ministry of Labor and Employment (MTE) announced updates to the unemployment insurance table for 2024, reflecting the National Consumer Price Index (INPC) accumulated in 2023, which closed the year with a variation of 3.71%. As a result, the minimum value of unemployment insurance is aligned with the current minimum wage, set at R$1,412.

Eligibility Criteria

To be entitled to unemployment insurance, the worker must:

Being fired without just cause; have worked for at least 12 months in the 18 months prior to dismissal.

How and when to request

The deadline for requesting unemployment insurance varies between 7 and 120 days, depending on the category of worker and the circumstances of the dismissal. Requests can be made through the Emprega Brasil portal (from the Digital Work Card application (Android: or iOS: or at the Regional Labor Superintendencies units.

Calculation of installments and conditions

The calculation of unemployment insurance installments is based on the average salary of the last three months prior to dismissal. For workers with average salaries above R$3,402.65, the benefit will be R$2,313.74. The number of installments varies between three and five, depending on the time worked in the last 36 months.

Importance of unemployment insurance

Unemployment insurance is more than a financial benefit; it is essential support during a challenging period in a worker’s life. The changes implemented in 2024 aim to provide a more adequate financial base, aligning the benefit with the cost of living and ensuring that workers do not suffer a real depreciation in their purchasing power.

Who cannot receive unemployment insurance?

Many people rely on unemployment insurance as a financial safety net after losing their jobs. However, it is crucial to be aware that not everyone can qualify for this benefit. See some situations in which unemployment insurance payment is not granted:

Dismissal for just cause: if you were fired for committing serious misconduct at work, such as theft, assault or negligence, you will not be entitled to unemployment insurance; Resigning voluntarily: if you resigned voluntarily, you will not be eligible to receive unemployment insurance unemployment. After all, this benefit is intended for people who have lost their jobs involuntarily; Income mismatch: unemployment insurance is calculated based on the average wages you received in recent months. If you were receiving a very low income or were not working long enough before losing your job, you may not meet the minimum requirements to receive the benefit; Informal or self-employed work: if you were fired from a formal job but were working on a informally or as a self-employed person, you will also not be able to receive unemployment insurance.

It is important to remember that these are just some of the situations in which unemployment insurance payments may be denied.

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