Controversy involving salaries in the Bolsonaro government came to light in 2024

In the years that former president Jair Bolsonaro was in power, some controversies arose around his administration. Check out!

Have you ever heard that former president Jair Bolsonaro readjusted the minimum wage by just R$6 in 2020? This information has been circulating on social media and sparked curiosity and heated debates. But what is true in this story?

In this article, we will delve into the facts and clarify this issue, addressing the reality of minimum wage adjustments during the Bolsonaro government and comparing them with other periods. Ready to unravel this mystery? Keep reading!

Former president Jair Bolsonaro was once again part of controversies involving his salary. Understand! / Photo: Valter Campanato – Agência Brasil

Truth or myth? The truth about the minimum wage adjustment in the Bolsonaro government

In 2020, during Jair Bolsonaro’s government, the minimum wage had a total adjustment of R$47, going from R$998 to R$1,045. This increase was carried out in two stages. Initially, the value was adjusted to R$1,039 in January and, subsequently, there was an increase of R$6 in February.

This second increase aimed to compensate for atypical inflation, mainly due to the increase in the price of meat. Therefore, contrary to statements on social media, the total adjustment was not limited to just R$6.

The truth about raising

It is essential to understand that the total adjustment of R$47 represented a nominal increase of 4.7% and a real gain of 1.14% compared to the previous year. This increase was influenced by inflationary factors and budget adjustments necessary to comply with fiscal rules. The government used the INPC (National Consumer Price Index) projection to calculate the increase, but had to revise the value due to higher-than-expected inflation.

Comparison with other periods

When analyzing the minimum wage adjustment policy from 2011 to 2019, we noticed that it included the correction for inflation plus the variation in GDP. However, from 2020 to 2022, the adjustment started to be made only by INPC, without real gains. In 2023, under the government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the minimum wage had a total adjustment of R$108, reflecting a different salary policy.

Understanding the real increase in the minimum wage: what does it mean for your purchasing power?

The real increase in the minimum wage refers to the adjustment of this value above the inflation rate in the period considered. To understand this better, it is important to consider two types of increases: nominal and real.

Nominal increase: is the increase in the minimum wage in terms of gross value, without considering the impact of inflation. For example, if the minimum wage was R$1,000 and was increased to R$1,050, there was a nominal increase of R$50 or 5%; Real increase: this is the increase in the minimum wage adjusted for inflation. If, in the same period as the example above, inflation was 3%, the real increase is not simply the nominal 5%, but rather the nominal increase minus inflation. In other words, a real increase of 2% (5% – 3%).

Therefore, a real increase in the minimum wage means that the worker’s purchasing power has increased, not just the gross amount he receives. This is crucial because inflation decreases the value of money over time, and a nominal increase can simply compensate for the loss in value caused by inflation, without actually increasing purchasing power. A real increase, on the other hand, ensures that the worker can buy more with his salary than before, even taking inflation into account.

Ideal minimum wage in Brazil: a question of dignity and economic balance

The ideal minimum wage in Brazil is a topic of great debate, as it involves balancing the cost of living and the country’s economic capacity. According to studies by DIEESE (Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies), the ideal minimum wage would be one capable of meeting the basic needs of an average Brazilian family, such as housing, food, education, health, leisure, clothing, hygiene, transportation and social security.

Determining this value takes into account the cost of an essential basic food basket and is important to ensure that workers can live with dignity, promoting a fair and adequate standard of living within Brazil’s socioeconomic reality.

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