Can late IPVA result in the vehicle being seized?

Is it true that Brazilians who are behind on their IPVA can lose their vehicle? Find out everything that the CTB foresees for offending drivers.

For many Brazilians, the beginning of the year brings with it concerns about paying Motor Vehicle Property Tax (IPVA). Among several questions that arise, one is particularly common: "If I delay paying the IPVA, can my vehicle be seized?"

In our article you can find the answer! Check out the main implications of late payment of this tax, and what default really means for vehicle owners, according to updated information from the CTB.

What can happen to drivers who are late on their IPVA? Credit: plasticaxe.

What is IPVA? What is it for?

First of all, it is essential to understand what IPVA is. This state tax is charged annually to all motor vehicle owners.

The value varies according to the legislation of each state, which has the autonomy to define its own rates.

In 2024, for example, São Paulo set the rate at 4% for passenger cars, while in Rio Grande do Sul, the percentage is 3%.

Also check out: IPVA has a confirmed discount in several regions of Brazil: see how to check

The central issue is not just the delay in paying IPVA, but the consequences of this delay.

After all, failure to pay the IPVA prevents the Vehicle Registration and Licensing Certificate (CRLV), which must be issued annually.

Without this document, the vehicle is not regularized and, therefore, is not fit for circulation. The IPVA alone does not guarantee that the vehicle is licensed to run; It is also necessary to pay off all overdue traffic and environmental fines, in addition to the licensing fee charged by DETRAN.

Can defaulting drivers lose their vehicles?

According to Anderson Boas, lawyer and traffic analyst at DETRAN-Maranhão, defaulting on the IPVA in itself is not what leads to the removal of the vehicle.

The problem occurs when the vehicle is not licensed due to non-payment of IPVA and other debts.

Since 2016, the Brazilian Traffic Code (CTB) provides for the removal, and no longer the seizure, of unlicensed vehicles. This measure was considered constitutional by the Federal Supreme Court (STF).

What to do if the vehicle is removed?

Now, we have one of the main questions for drivers: what to do if the vehicle is detained? If the vehicle is removed, the owner must contact DETRAN to regularize the situation.

This involves paying existing debts, including past due IPVA, the licensing fee and any overdue traffic fines.

In addition, a fine relating to the removal, considered to be of a very serious nature, in the amount of R$ 293.47 and seven points on the license, will be applied. Once licensing is completed, the vehicle is once again released for circulation.

Check out also: 15% discount on IPVA ends in less than 20 days; HURRY UP!

More serious consequences for those who do not solve the problem

If the vehicle remains in the yard for more than 60 days, counting from the date of removal, it can be valued and taken to auction. It is important that owners are aware of these consequences to avoid unwanted situations.

Therefore, the best way to avoid problems related to late IPVA is to always be up to date with payments and obligations related to the vehicle.

Keeping your documentation in order is essential to ensure that you can drive your vehicle without worries. Check out more details on the official CTB website:

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